Production Process:
Prior to 1984, no machinery was used in the production process. The whole process from the sorting of the wool to the packaging stage of the finished product was carried out by hand. The production process of Nepalese carpets include:
Wool sorting and Washing:
Wool from Tibet generally imported in raw form requiring careful sorting to pick-out foreign particles like vegetable materials. The Tibetan wool also requires washing to remove dirt and grease, which is followed by sun-drying for two to three days. The Tibetan wool has a strong good fiber, good luster and a high resilient value. Furthermore, the New Zealand wool is imported scoured form with 36 micron, 100 mm barb length and is identified as type 128. In addition, British wool meeting the regularity standard have also started being available in the market.

Blending & Carding:
The carding process allows the fiber stand to flow smoothly while spinning. This is also the stage for blending different type of wool and to ascertain the ratio of different origins. Traditionally, carding was performed by hand and machine carding was introduced when the industry grew. However, hand-carded product is still available that depend upon the customer's requirements.

Wool Spinning:
The carded wool is spun into yarn by hand using Charkha (spinning wheel). The quality of the carpet depends upon the thickness of the yarn and generally a 3-ply yarn is used.
Dyeing and Drying:
The traditional pot dyeing method has been largely replaced by machine dyeing in closed chambers. Dyes containing harmful chemicals like AZO are banned and dyestuffs from renowned international manufacturers are used. The dyed yarn has to be dried in the sunlight for one to three days depending upon the weather. Pot dyeing and vegetable dyeing are used by some manufacturers.

Carpet knotting is an art by itself. The workers known as the weavers are well-trained and skilled in their art and have a very high versatility in knotting. One or more weavers work an a loom depending on the size of the carpet. Each weaver makes individual knots row after row. The designs are chartered out on a graph and the weavers translate the graphic designs into knots on a carpet. The dyed yarn is made into balls and scissors, iron rod, lever and comb beaters are used as tolls.

The finished carpet is taken off the loom and designs and patterns are carved out by scissors.
Washing and Drying:
The trimmed is washed with fresh water and chemicals. The washed carpet is dried in the sunlight up to four or five days. While the bulk of the carpets are washed in Nepal, a notable quantity is washed in Switzerland.

Final Finishing:
The dried carpets are given the final finishing touch by re-rimming and stretching, which is necessary to bring it out in the ordered size.
All washed carpets are rolled and wrapped polythene sheets and which are sealed at each end. It is again wrapped in Hessian cloth and sewn. Generally, around 14m2 are packed in each bale.
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